Total expenditure on R&D as a percentage of GDP


Total expenditure on R&D as percetage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the Nordic countries. 1981-2015.

Full Title

Total expenditure on R&D as a percentage of GDP



Identification Number



Name Affiliation Abbreviation Role
OECD - Main Science and Technology Indicators 2019-1

Date of Production


Data Distributor

Name Affiliation Abbreviation
Nordic institute for studies in innovation, research and education NIFU


Date: 2019-12-11

Geographic Coverage

Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Grece, Ireland, Iceland, Israel, Italy,  Japan, China, Korea, Luxembourg, Mexico, the Netherland, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Singapore, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, United Kingdom, Switzerland, Sweden, South Africa, Taiwan, Czech Republic, Turkey, Germany Hungary, United States, Austria and Total OECD.

Time period


Update frequency

Every year, last for 2017.

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